Villa Notes

Villa #11 Notes

Architectural designs for model country residences : illustrated by colored drawings of elevations and ground plans, accompanied by general descriptions and estimates : prepared expressly for persons who contemplate building, and artisans throughout the United States
by Riddell, John
1860's Floor Notes: "All the flooring will be of a good quality of 1 J inch Carolina mill worked pine, grooved and tongued, and well seasoned, and to average 4 inches wide, and to be well nailed to the joist with tenpenny brads ; all the floors are to be smoothed off after plastering. The best boards are to be selected for the first story, veranda and porch floors. "
Goal: Under 5" unfinished pine, tongue and groove.  Face nailed with 'Fyve stroke nayle'  the largest common nail, also called the ten penny nail.  Of course I will need to use a reproduction square cut box nail.
1860's Stair Notes: " there will be a 1| inch panel under the stairs with raised panels and mouldings in. There will be a mahogany handrail SI inches wide and 2 inches deep, and a 7 inch turned mahogany newel with an octagon base. The balusters are to be maple 2 inches thick turned, and octagon at the base. "
Goal: Find Newel Posts and Balusters with an octagonal base. Now... Decisions time. If I put the sink under the stairs then I will want a tile backsplash... but if it is left open or with a counter top there I could do the raised panels to hide years of ugly. 
1860 - Kitchen and Bath Design Notes:
BATH ROOM.
The bath tub will be 6 feet long, and 2 feet wide, 2 feet 2 inches deep, and to be made of 2 inch plank, grooved and tongued at the angles, and put together with white lead, and lined with zinc. The water closet is to have a soil pipe to continue down and empty in the well, and all its requisite plumbing, the cover is to be hung with suitable hinges. The bath tub is to have its requisite plumbing for hot and cold water, also a pipe for the waste water.
KITCHEN EANGE, ETC.
There is to be a range with boiler for the kitchen chimney, and an iron sink, which are to have their requisite fixtures. There is to be a furnace built in the cellar, which is to have all its requisites, pipes, registers, &c., for conveying heat up to the third story. All the hot air flues are to be properly lined with tin, and the smoke flues are to be smoothly parged when building the walls ; likewise the kitchen flues are to be prepared in same way.
 

This wood-encased period galvanized tin tub is in Astoria, Oregon's 1885 Flavel House museum. - Jerry Boal

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